Advanced PDE II


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This is the second of two Advanced PDE modules taught as part of the MIGSAA CDT programme.  It is open to everyone, including non-MIGSAA students, as an SMSTC supplementary module.

This course is dedicated to the study of hyperbolic PDEs in Sobolev spaces. We will mainly focus on nonlinear wave equations. The course will begin with some classical material: a classification of PDEs, d'Alembert's formula  and consequences, a review of the Fourier transform, solving the linear wave equation using the Fourier transform.  

Next, we will discuss the local well-posedness of the cubic Klein-Gordon equation in Sobolev spaces $H^s(\R^d)$, $s>\frac d2$. This will require the use of Sobolev embeddings, energy estimates and of the Picard iteration scheme.

We will then turn to briefly discussing the Strichartz estimates for the wave equation. We will use these estimates together with energy conservation to obtain local and global well-posedness of energy-subcritical semilinear wave equations in the Sobolev space $H^1(\R^d)$. We will then study the global well-posedness in $H^1(\R^3)$ of the much more delicate {\it energy-critical} defocusing quintic nonlinear wave equation. In addition to Strichartz estimates, this will require us to use monotonicity formulae.  

The course will then turn to Sobolev space methods in the context of quasilinear wave equations. These include energy estimates, Klainerman-Sobolev inequality, the vector field method, and well-posedness of quasilinear wave equations using Sobolev estimates.



Students should be familiar with Banach and Hilbert spaces, dual spaces, and weak and strong convergence. The course "Advanced PDEs I" is suggested but not required.